BRING THE WORLD HOME

A step-by-step guide

Prague

in your pocket!

Welcome to our Prague guide, where we have carefully selected the must-see places and added personal suggestions. It’s a quick and simple guide that you can consult at any time during your trip.

We have focused on providing useful and practical recommendations that will enhance your trip, including off-the-beaten-track locations. We consider this guide a compilation of our favorite spots in the city.

We have also included gastronomic suggestions that will delight your palate and immerse you in Prague’s delicious culinary culture.

We hope you enjoy our guide and it inspires you to explore all the treasures that this wonderful city has to offer!

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Prague

a little bit of history!

The city of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, boasts a rich and captivating history spanning over a millennium. From its foundation to the present day, Prague has been home to kings and artists, and has witnessed some of the most significant events in European history.

Prague’s origins date back to the 9th century when a settlement was established on the banks of the Vltava River. The city grew rapidly and became an important hub of trade and culture during the Middle Ages. In the 11th and 12th centuries, Prague became the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia and was ruled by the Přemyslid Dynasty.

One of Prague’s most famous kings was Charles IV, who reigned during the 14th century and is renowned for transforming the city into a cultural and educational center for Europe. Charles IV commissioned the construction of Charles Bridge, which remains one of Prague’s most iconic landmarks to this day. He also founded Charles University, which continues to be one of the most prestigious universities in Europe.

n the 15th century, the rule of the Přemyslid Dynasty came to an end, and the city fell under the governance of the Habsburg Dynasty. During this time, Prague became an important religious and cultural center of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. One of the notable monuments from this era is St. Vitus Cathedral, an impressive example of Gothic architecture that took over 600 years to complete and because of that you can also see a mixture of architectural styles.

In the 19th century, Prague experienced a cultural renaissance with the rise of the Czech nationalist movement. The Czechs strived to preserve their culture and fight for independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The movement culminated in the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic in 1918, with Prague as its capital.

During World War II, Prague was occupied by German Nazi forces. The city suffered immense damage during the war, and many of its historical monuments were destroyed. However, after the war, a massive restoration effort was undertaken to rebuild the city and restore its beauty.

In 1968, Prague was the stage for one of the most significant events of the Cold War: the Prague Spring. The Czechoslovak government, led by Alexander Dubček, sought to liberalize the country and distance itself from Soviet control. However, the intervention of the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies put an end to the Prague Spring experiment.

After the Velvet Revolution in 1989, which marked the end of the communist regime in Czechoslovakia, Prague became the capital of the new Czech Republic. The city has transformed into a major tourist and cultural destination in Europe, with its historic architecture and vibrant cultural scene.

In summary, the history of Prague is a blend of kings and rulers, art and culture, struggles for independence, and significant political events. Throughout the centuries, the city has witnessed wars and occupations, revolutions and restorations, yet it has always maintained its charm and beauty.

Prague is a lively and cosmopolitan city that attracts millions of visitors each year. Today you can stroll along its cobblestone streets, admire the impressive Gothic and Baroque architecture, visit museums and art galleries, and indulge in the vibrant nightlife and local cuisine.

 

Public transport in Prague comprises a network of underground trains, trams, and buses. Tickets can be purchased at kiosks or ticket machines and must be validated using the machines on board. Tickets are valid for all modes of transport, and there are various fare options available, including single tickets and daily passes. Public transport operates regularly throughout the day, providing an efficient and convenient way to get around the city.

Note: Beware of fake ticket inspectors, always ensure they have a proper identification.

Charles Bridge

Built in the 14th century, this pedestrian bridge gracefully spans the River Vltava, connecting the Old Town with the district of Malá Strana. Apart from being a thoroughfare, the bridge is an open-air gallery adorned with numerous statues on both sides. Each statue has its own story and meaning, adding a unique touch to the experience of walking across the bridge. From there, one can enjoy breathtaking views of the city, capturing the beauty of the river and the historic buildings lining its banks.

The Astronomical Clock

This medieval marvel is one of the oldest and most intricate clocks in the world that is still in operation. Every hour on the dot, the clock puts on a fascinating show with its animated figures in motion. It’s an event that attracts tourists from all over the world who gather in the square to witness this unique spectacle. In addition to its historical value, the clock also showcases exceptional technical and artistic mastery of the era in which it was created.

Prague Castle

This imposing fortress stands atop a hill and offers a stunning panoramic view of Prague. Within its walls, one can find magnificent palaces, churches, and gardens reflecting various architectural styles and historical periods. The castle has served as the residence for kings, emperors, and presidents, and its historical and cultural significance is undeniable. Visitors can explore its numerous courtyards, visit the majestic St. Vitus Cathedral, and enjoy the serenity of the Royal Gardens.

Lennon Wall

This famous point of interest in Prague has gained worldwide renown due to its artistic nature and symbolic meaning. Situated on the peaceful Kampa Island, this wall is a unique place where people express their feelings through messages, graffiti, and artworks related to love and peace.

Jewish Quarter

Also known as Josefov, it is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Prague and holds a rich history and Jewish heritage. Despite historical adversities, the quarter has preserved a great number of important historical sites.

The National Theater

Regarded as one of the most significant architectural treasures in the city, its majestic facade and grand design make it a cultural and artistic gem. The theater is renowned for being a hub of excellence in performing arts, particularly in opera and ballet.

St. Vitus Cathedral

A Gothic masterpiece that stands imposingly within the magnificent Prague Castle. With its intricate architecture and impressive size, this cathedral is one of the most recognizable landmarks of the city. Its construction began in the 14th century and was completed centuries later, resulting in a blend of architectural styles that reflect the passage of time. Inside, visitors can admire colorful stained glass windows, impressive sculptures, and the St. Wenceslas Chapel, which houses the Czech crown jewels.

The National Museum of Prague

A renowned institution housing an extensive collection of historical and cultural artifacts related to the city’s and the country’s history as a whole. Located in a majestic Neo-Renaissance building on Wenceslas Square, the museum offers visitors a comprehensive insight into Czech history from prehistoric times to the present day.

Letná Park

One of the largest and most popular parks in the city, where locals and visitors alike can enjoy nature and breathtaking panoramic views of the city.

Vršovice: It is renowned for its charming cafés and bars, it’s a popular spot among the city’s artists and creatives, boasting numerous art studios and galleries.

Riegrovy Sady Park: A large and peaceful park with breathtaking city views. It also houses an open-air beer garden.

Náměstí Míru Square: A beautiful square featuring an impressive neo-Gothic church. There is a wide variety of restaurants, cafés, and boutique shops.

Petřín Hill: A hill with an observation deck and a labyrinth garden. You can reach the top of the hill using the funicular, which is a great experience in itself.

Minor Theatre: A small and historic theater showcasing performances in Czech and English.

Vyšehrad: It is home to an ancient fortress, the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, and a cemetery where important figures from Czech history rest. Vyšehrad Gardens are also a delightful place for a stroll and relaxation.

Vysehrad Cemetery: A tranquil and picturesque final resting place for many prominent historical figures of Prague.

Wallenstein Garden: A beautiful Baroque garden located in the city center. With statues, fountains, and well-manicured flower beds, the gardens are a popular spot for a leisurely walk. Moreover, the Wallenstein Palace houses the seat of the Czech Senate.

Nový Svět: A quaint and tranquil neighborhood that feels like stepping back in time. With its cobbled streets and pastel-colored old houses, Nový Svět offers a charming and picturesque atmosphere.

Malá Strana: A historic district with stunning beauty. Its cobblestone streets are surrounded by beautiful churches, palaces, and historic buildings, reflecting Prague’s rich history and Baroque architecture. Additionally, the neighborhood is home to significant landmarks such as the Lobkowicz Palace, St. Nicholas Church, and the iconic Charles Bridge, connecting Malá Strana with the Old Town.

Liberál Café: An artistic and cozy café that often features art exhibitions.

Strahov Monastery: This historic monastery, founded in the 12th century, is renowned for its impressive library. Additionally, beer is produced within the monastery, and the monks continue to brew beer according to traditional recipes.

Břevnov Monastery: A Benedictine monastery with an impressive baroque garden and its own brewery.

U Kunštátů: Situated in a historical building, U Kunštátů houses an art gallery and a café. The gallery showcases works by local and foreign artists, providing a fascinating glimpse into Czech contemporary art.

Villa Müller: Designed by the renowned Czech architect Adolf Loos, Villa Müller is an outstanding example of modern architecture. Built between 1928 and 1930, the villa embodies a unique combination of functionality and aesthetics.

Hlubočepy: From this neighborhood, one can enjoy an impressive view of the Vltava River and the city skyline. Moreover, Hlubočepy is known for its local brewery, where you can taste traditional Czech beers and indulge in an authentic Czech beer experience.

Archa Theater: An alternative theater that stands out for presenting innovative and avant-garde performances across various artistic disciplines, such as theater, dance, music, and performances.

Křižík Fountain: A historic fountain in Prague that offers a stunning show of lights and water. Designed in the Art Nouveau style, this fountain features synchronized water jets and lighting effects, creating a captivating visual spectacle. It is particularly beautiful at night when the lights accentuate the fountain’s beauty.

Jindřišská Tower: A historic tower with breathtaking views of the city.

Petřín Observation Tower: An observation tower with a panoramic view of the city.

Café Slavia: A historic café that has been frequented by many writers and artists.

Újezd: Known for its picturesque and charming atmosphere, this neighborhood boasts cobblestone streets, colorful houses, and traditional architecture.

The Dancing House: This modern building, also known as Ginger and Fred, is an architectural landmark in Prague. Designed by architects Vlado Milunić and Frank Gehry, its unique and curvilinear shape resembles a dancing couple.

Vnitroblock: A modern cultural center featuring a café, cinema, and co-working space.

Jewish Cemetery: A cemetery that houses a significant number of historical graves and is considered one of the oldest and most densely populated in the world. Visiting the cemetery provides an opportunity to reflect on the Jewish history in Prague and pay homage to those who have passed away.

The Old-New Synagogue: One of the oldest synagogues in Europe and a significant symbol of Prague’s Jewish community.

The Jewish Museum of Prague: It provides a profound glimpse into the history and Jewish culture of the region, displaying artifacts, documents, and exhibits that narrate the story of Prague’s Jewish community throughout the centuries.

Náplavka: A popular weekend market in Prague. Here you’ll find a wide selection of food stalls where you can indulge in traditional Czech dishes.

Karlín: A neighborhood with a burgeoning food and drink scene and restored historical buildings.

Chuchelský háj: A tranquil forest situated on the outskirts of the city.

Cihelna Concept Store: A design and lifestyle store with a unique selection of products and a café in the backyard.

The Church of St. Ludmila: A beautiful neo-Gothic church in Vinohrady.

Riegrovy sady: A famous park known for its popular beer garden, where visitors can enjoy traditional Czech beers.

Prague is all of this and more! We understand that the best way to get to know a city is by walking the streets and discovering every secret they hold. We can’t think of a better way to show you the city than for you to visit with us on a Free Walking Tour.

Goulash

A hot and spicy meat stew made with onion, pepper, paprika, and beef or pork. It is traditionally served with bread or pasta.

Palačinky

Czech crepes that can be served with sweet or savory fillings. Some popular fillings include jam, fresh fruit, chocolate, cottage cheese, and meat.

Smazeny syr

Breaded fried cheese served with french fries and tartar sauce. It is a popular fast food dish found in many restaurants and food stalls in the city.

Vepřo-knedlo-zelo

A traditional dish of roast pork, dumplings, and cabbage. It is a hearty and comforting meal found in many restaurants in the city.

Svíčková na smetaně

A beef dish served with a creamy sauce and accompanied by dumplings.

Bramboráky

Fried grated potato cakes, similar to pancakes. They are served as a side dish or as a main course with garlic sauce or sour cream.

Trdelník

A spiral-shaped grilled dough. It is usually coated with sugar and cinnamon, and sometimes filled with ice cream, whipped cream, or chocolate.

Koláče

Fruit pastries made with sweet dough and filled with fruits such as plums, apples, or blackberries. They can be found in bakeries throughout the city.

Marlenka

A honey and nut cake originating from Prague. It has a soft and moist texture and consists of several layers of honey dough and crushed nuts. It is often served with hot tea.

Kobliha

Similar to a doughnut, kobliha is a filled bun that can be found in many pastry shops in Prague. It is usually filled with fruit jam, vanilla or chocolate cream, and topped with powdered sugar.

Ovocné knedlíky

Fruit dumplings, a kind of sweet dumplings filled with fresh fruits like plums, strawberries, or blueberries.

Czech beer

One of the most popular drinks in Prague and throughout the Czech Republic. There are many breweries and beer bars throughout the city. Czech beer is known for its unique taste and the variety of styles that can be found, from Pilsner to dark beer.

Becherovka

A herbal liqueur produced in the city of Karlovy Vary, in the Czech Republic. It is known for its sweet and spicy flavor and can be enjoyed neat or mixed with water or lemonade.

Slivovice

A type of plum brandy produced throughout the Czech Republic. It is known for being strong and has a distinctive plum flavor.

Absinthe

An alcoholic beverage that became popular in Prague in the 1990s. It is a green and bitter drink that is served with water and sugar.

Fruit drinks

In Prague, it is also popular to enjoy fruit drinks such as lemonade, fruit tea, and mulled wine with spices, especially during the colder months of the year.

Na Příkopě Street

This is one of Prague’s most important shopping streets, renowned for its high-end fashion stores and department stores.

Palladium Shopping Centre

This is one of the city’s largest shopping centers, boasting over 200 stores, restaurants, and cinemas. It’s a great place to discover both international and local brands.

Old Town Square Market

The market is situated in Old Town Square and offers a wide variety of local products, including crafts, jewelry, and food.

Parizska Street

Known as Prague’s “Champs-Élysées,” this street is filled with upscale fashion stores and jewelry shops.

Naplavka Flea Market

This market is located on the Vltava River and is a good spot to find antiques and collectibles.

Vinohradský Pavilion

An alternative shopping center where you can find independent design shops, second-hand items, and a wide range of dining options.

Curiosities of Prague

  • Prague is the capital and the largest city of the Czech Republic.
  • The city of Prague is divided into 22 districts.
  • The Vltava River flows through the city, dividing it into two parts: the Old Town and the New Town.
  • Prague is known as “the city of a hundred towers”.
  • The famous Prague Astronomical Clock Tower was built in 1410 and remains a popular tourist attraction.
  • For a long time, it was believed that alchemists sought the Philosopher’s Stone and the Elixir of Life in the laboratories of Prague Castle. Emperor Rudolf II, who was a fervent follower of alchemy, supposedly funded experiments in search of these mystical secrets. Although concrete evidence of their achievements has not been found, alchemy remains an intriguing part of the castle’s history.
  • St. Vitus Cathedral is the largest religious building in the Czech Republic and started being built in 1344.
  • Prague Castle is one of the largest castles in the world and has been the residence of kings and presidents of the Czech Republic for centuries.
  • On Charles Bridge, there is a golden statue of St. John of Nepomuk. Legend has it that if you touch the golden plaques under the statue and make a wish, it will come true. However, the true secret of this statue is that it conceals a replica of the saint’s tongue, which is said to have miraculous powers.
  • The Jewish Quarter of Prague, called Josefov, has a history dating back to the 10th century.
  • The famous writer Franz Kafka was born in Prague in 1883.
  • The original Plzeň Pilsner Urquell beer is the first pale lager in history, as it was born on October 5, 1842.
  • Prague is known for its traditional sweets, such as powdered sugar donuts called “trdelník”.
  • The National Library of the Czech Republic, built in 1722, is one of the oldest libraries in Europe.
  • Prague is famous for its cultural festivals, such as the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival and the Prague Spring Music Festival.
  • The Stalin Theme Park, built in the 1950s, was never completed and is now an abandoned tourist attraction.
  • The statue of St. John of Nepomuk on Charles Bridge is one of the oldest statues in the city.
  • The ancient district of Malá Strana has a unique atmosphere with cobbled streets and colourful houses.
  • The Vinohrady district is known for its Art Nouveau architecture and numerous bars and restaurants.
  • The Old Town Square is the historic center of Prague and is surrounded by beautiful historical buildings.
  • Beneath the surface of Prague lies an extensive network of underground passages. These tunnels have existed since the Middle Ages and were used for various purposes, such as transporting goods and serving as escape routes during times of war. Some of these passageways are accessible to visitors, while others remain closed to the public.
  • The Žižkov district is known for its bohemian atmosphere and its bars and nightclubs.
  • The Prague train station was built in 1871 and is one of the oldest train stations in Europe.
  • The National Museum of Prague is one of the city’s largest museums and features a wide collection of art, history, and natural sciences.
  • The Prague metro was inaugurated in 1974.
  • Wenceslas Square is a large square in the city center that has witnessed many important historical events.
  • The Municipal House is an Art Nouveau building in the Old Town Square and is known for its impressive concert hall.
  • Prague is famous for its production of crystal and glass, and beautiful glass objects can be purchased in many shops and workshops throughout the city. You can learn more about the Bohemian crystal here: https://www.thefreetourshop.com/blog/what-is-bohemian-crystal/
  • The legendary Princess Libuše was a mythical ruler of Bohemia in the 8th century. According to legend, she predicted the rise of the city of Prague and left instructions for her tomb to be built in a secret location. Despite many attempts, the exact whereabouts of her tomb have never been found.
  • The Golem is a mythical creature from Jewish tradition, a being created from clay and brought to life through magical words. According to legend, Rabbi Judah Loew ben Bezalel created a Golem to protect the Jewish ghetto of Prague in the 16th century. The Golem is said to still lie in the attic of the Old-New Synagogue in Prague.
  • Upon seeing the completion of the Astronomical Clock, the city councilors were so impressed by its beauty that they ordered the hands of the clockmakers who built it to be cut off so that they couldn’t recreate a similar clock elsewhere.
  • In the Jewish Cemetery of Prague, the graves are arranged in layers, as in the past, due to the restrictions imposed on the Jewish community, they were not allowed to expand the cemetery. This led to burying people one on top of the other.
  • The Black Theatre of Prague (černé divadlo) is a type of silent stage performance characterized by taking place on a dark black stage, with strategic lighting that creates a fantastic interplay of light and shadows.
  • David Černý is a renowned Czech contemporary artist known for his provocative and unconventional sculptures and installations. He has created several notable works in Prague. Here are a few examples:
  1. “Metalmorphosis” (2007): Located in the Whitehall Corporate Center, this sculpture features a massive stainless steel head split into horizontal sections. The segments rotate individually, creating a dynamic and ever-changing sculpture.
  2. “Piss” (2004): Positioned outside the Franz Kafka Museum, this sculpture depicts two bronze figures urinating into a pool shaped like the Czech Republic. The figures move their hips, creating patterns in the water that form famous Czech landmarks.
  3. “Babies” (2000): Situated on the Žižkov Television Tower, this installation consists of ten giant crawling bronze babies with bar codes instead of faces. These sculptures symbolize the communist era and represent a comment on the dehumanization of society.
  4. “Quo Vadis” (1990): Located in the passage connecting the Lucerna Palace and the Wenceslas Square, this sculpture features a Trabant car (an iconic symbol of the communist era) with four legs, suggesting transformation and change.
  5. “Saint Wenceslas Riding an Upside-Down Dead Horse” (1999): This controversial sculpture was installed in the Lucerna Palace courtyard. It depicts Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of the Czech Republic, riding an upside-down horse, symbolizing the state of the nation and its history.

Matryoshka Dolls

Experience the Czech twist on the classic Russian souvenir with Matryoshka dolls. These nesting dolls feature hand-painted figures, each layer reveals a hidden surprise!

Becherovka

No visit to Prague is complete without experiencing the flavor of Becherovka, a Czech herbal liqueur. Bringing home a bottle not only lets you savor a piece of Czech tradition but also makes for a fantastic gift to share with friends.

Bohemian Crystal and Glassware

The city is renowned for producing exquisite glass products that are both elegant and timeless. From intricately designed vases to delicate glass figurines, Bohemian crystal pieces are a symbol of craftsmanship and beauty that you can proudly display in your home.

Marionettes and Puppets

Embrace traditional puppetry with handcrafted marionettes that tell stories of old. These whimsical characters are intricately made, capturing the essence of Czech culture. Whether you’re an art enthusiast or simply looking for a unique conversation starter, these puppets are a true work of art.

Garnet Jewelry

Adorn yourself with the fiery red hues of garnet jewelry. These exquisite gemstones have been treasured for centuries and are often featured in intricate designs. Wearing a piece of Czech garnet jewelry not only adds a touch of elegance but also connects you to the country’s rich cultural heritage.

 

Traditional Wooden Toys

For those seeking a touch of nostalgia, traditional wooden toys are a delightful choice. Hand-carved with love and care, these toys harken back to simpler times and make for charming keepsakes for both the young and young at heart.

Beer and Beer-Related Items

There is a really strong beer culture in the city so maybe bringing home a piece of it could be a great idea . From branded glassware to quirky beer-themed souvenirs, these items are a fantastic way to remember the city.

Artisanal Crafts

Explore local craft markets to discoverartisanal wonders. Handmade ceramics, textiles, and artwork showcase the city’s thriving creative spirit. By supporting local artists, you’re not just taking home a unique piece but also contributing to the preservation of Prague’s artistic heritage.

 

Mugs

A mug is a great souvenir gift because it combines functionality and sentimentality. It’s a practical item that can be used daily, reminding the recipient of their travels while enjoying their favorite beverages. The design of the mug often showcases the destination’s iconic landmarks, culture, or artwork, creating a visual connection to the place.

If you want to discover the complete and up-to-date list of the best souvenirs from Prague, check out our blog:

General recommendations

  • One of the best recommendations we ever received was to follow Honest Guide on YouTube, amazing content of Prague with loads of ideas:https://youtube.com/watch?v=zCseW8XGtqU&feature=share9
  • Remember that Czech crowns are used in Prague.
  • Never exchange money with individuals on the street.
  • Research where you exchange money as the exchange rate at some establishments can be ridiculous (despite being advertised as 0% commission).
  • Don’t leave Prague without trying traditional Czech food. Don’t miss dishes such as goulash (meat stew), trdelnik (a sweet pastry with cinnamon), and svíčková (beef with cream sauce).
  • Crossing the beautiful Charles Bridge can be a nightmare during rush hour, so try to go early in the morning or at night.
  • Avoid buying padlocks to install at iconic locations, as this practice is frowned upon by the local people.
  • Czech beer is famous worldwide, and Prague is a great place to enjoy it. Taste different types of Czech beer at local pubs and experience Czech beer culture.
  • Prague is known for its music scene, especially classical music. Take advantage of the opportunity to attend a concert in one of the city’s churches or concert halls.

If you liked this guide and want to support us, visit our website and discover our exciting range of unique and personally designed souvenirs for Prague!

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